Briefly Describe Morality (BSWE-004)



A moral value is a universally accepted ethical principle that governs the day to day living of life. These principles are important in maintaining unity, harmony and honor between people people. Moral values are usually communal and shared by the public in general, thus if there is no agreement among community no moral values will be established. Every cultural group has its own morals or standards of approved behavior. Certain acts are considered right because they are conductive to the welfare of its members while certain other acts are wrong as they are dangerous to the welfare of society. 

No one is born with knowledge of what one's cultural group considers right or wrong. As the child grows older, his/her conduct also develops and reflects upon his/her own moral life as well as that of the group in which the person is a member. He/she unconsciously begins to intimate the behavior of others around him/her, imitates the customs, manners, traditions and culture of the society, learns that others judge his/her behavior as right or wrong based on the acceptance of the act by the society. Thus gradually he/she learns the lessons of morality. Learning what the group approves of, is a long and difficult process. 

Moral Values Influencing the Personality of an Individual

Moral values directly influence the quality of the person's behavior and judgement. A person learns the values that satisfy his/her needs and desires and are, at the same time, approved by the group.

The moral values acquired by an individual are the reflection of his/her personality. Each individual develops values which are important for him/her and which guide his/her life.

Learning Moral Values

There are certain cultural norms of behavior which are controlled by the society. Learning moral values refers to the manner in which a child internalizes these norms of behavior. He/she develops moral concepts by learning what is right and what is wrong and also by understanding the use of punishment and other techniques in inculcating moral values in children.

The determinants of morality exist on many levels. In every society, there are specific rules to protect morality and to guarantee good behavior. In addition to this, there are psychological determinants also. Morality has emotional, cognitive and behavioral components. These three components are interrelated. All these factors interact with one another in the development of morality.   

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