Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. He worked hard with Mahatma Gandhi during the freedom struggle. Invariably wearing a red rose, he was adored by the masses. He was a great and a master builder of modern India. That is why, he is known as the architect of our nation. He had plans to build a great and strong India. He was a man with determination and strength of character. His love for people and affection for children made him very popular. He was a great writer and thinker. He wrote the famous book, The Discovery of India.

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, at Allahabad. His father Moti Lal Nehru, was a famous barrister. He took his primary education from English tutors at home. He was sent to England for high school studies. He took up education in law. After completing law, he returned to India. He had a burning passion for his country and independence.

He was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. His greatest desire was to set India free. Under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru took an active part in the freedom movement. He also followed the path of truth and non-violence. He was sent to jail many times. He was elected as the President of Indian National Congress in 1929. The pledge of Independence was taken there. He said at the constituent assembly, "whether we are men and women of history or not, India is a country of destiny."

When India attained freedom in August 1947, he became the Primer Minister of the country. His leadership and vision brought progress, prosperity and respect for the country. He laid the foundations of democracy. He believed in the principles of peaceful co-existence. In 1961, the Panchsheel Agreement was signed between India and China. He was a great of disarmament. India got due respect from the world under his leadership. He worked hard to create an international order of peace and brotherhood. He followed the path defined by Buddha, Christ and Nanak.

After serving the nation and mankind for a long time, he died in May 1964. He left behind the heritage of planning and development. He started the cycle of progress and social justice. He created a network of educational, technical and medical institutions. He built large industrial, agricultural, irrigation and power projects. His contributions are noteworthy in all the fields. He was one of the few men who could create an impact on the country and the world. His birthday (November 14th) is celebrated as Children's Day. This reminds us of his great character, ideals, and deeds.

Jawaharlal Nehru had a profound vision. He was a great orator and an author of repute. He believed in the unity of the country and liberty of mankind. 


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